My dairy free diary

I hope that can give ideas to anyone needing to replace dairies from their diet, or just looking for new flavors. Here is my guide book.
It’s about variations. So, no, I’m not renouncing to the wonderful French cheeses. I eat less dairies than I used to for a number of reasons.
I am not going to make you a list of the infamous industrial recreations, margarines and blocks of soaps marketed as cheese. I don’t find those products interesting. They are extremely processed, and not even cheap.
I found or rediscovered many cousins of dairies, mostly plant based cousins. Cheese-less dishes are not less good nor better than the others. They are different, new dishes. Don’t compare !
Disclaimer : I tried to organize it by ingredients (soy, coconut, millet, sesame, oil… and by use as “subs” (cottage cheese, cream, butter, stinky cheese, runny cheese…), and… you get that confusion ! Sorry, it’s a random mix. The topic is so vast…


PLANT MILKS

Soy milk : It’s thicker and richer than milk. The drink you buy is diluted and sweetened, so to reproduce just add sweetened water to the “whole” soymilk. You can use it as a drink, as ingredient and also to make tofu or yuba.
DIY soy milk
tonyu milky cake
French-Chinese milky chervil soup

Almond milk :DIY almond milk

Corn milk : DIY sweet corn milk

Hemp milk : I didn’t find the one I made was good raw. Well, I make it from whole hemp seeds, maybe if they are hulled it’s different. But it’s delicious cooked.
hemp milk quiche
spouted hemp seed bread
hemp seed pain brioché

Coconut milk : I take big cans of thick milk, I chill and open to separate the floating cream and the skim milk. I don’t usually make it into butter to cook (and we can’t buy it here), but I sometimes clarify a small amount for cosmetic purposes.
The whole milk is very fat, too much for my gut, I make sure I use it diluted into sauces or in small amounts.
hot carobcinno
Café au lait, revisited
Coconut cauliflower creme soup

Butters, hard creams : I use mostly coconut cream. I sometimes buy cocoa butter but it’s a pricey rarity here. Both are perfect for chocolates, ganaches…
silky chocolate tarte
nama choco,vegan ganache sweets
coconut cream vegan scones

The whip question :
Commercial soy based whip is convenient, but very chemical and not very tasty. Pure coconut cream whip is really too fat to digest. A solution is to mix half coconut cream and half of either tofu or some starched based cream when everything is at room temperature, and to whip in a bowl bathing in iced water.


TOFU
It exists in different textures, and you’ll get different results if you change.
DIY tofu

The silky tofu can become creamy if you whip it. Use it whipped instead of sour cream, cream cheese…
a vegan flower of marron cream
silky tofu cream
tofu pumpkin cake
tofu chi cakes, 3 flavors
shira-ae Japanese creamy dressing

The medium soft tofu, particularly tasty hand-made can be served like fresh mozzarella, either cold, or topping a pizza (slice thin as it won’t spread much, drizzle olive oil and salt and bake).
tofu in Caprese salad
tofu on a pizza

The firm (cotton, momen-dofu) can be crumbled and salted to be like a cottage cheese, served cold. To get it more grainy, place it 20 minutes between 2 plates with something a bit heavy on top, so most water gets out.
silky tofu broken as fromage blanc cottage cheese
fromage de tofu (tofu cheez loaf)

Also in the tofu family :
Yuba : It is tofu skin. Fresh, it’s served like a cottage cheese. I buy it but you can make yours (it’s a bit long and tricky).
Okara : It’s the fiber you obtain when you make soy milk. Using it as a base for cake, you don’t need dairies.
cakes made with okara


OIL CAKE BAKING
To replace butter in cakes, cookies… Any oil can be used but you get different added flavors.
I find white sesame oil, the odorless cold pressed type, is excellent and very comparable to butter in taste in fine cakes. Almond oil has the same properties and brings an Oriental flavor.
White sesame oil chiffon cake
Bayonesa sweet pie with almond oil pastry
olive oil oatmeal scones
olive oil baked donuts


SESAME (and peanuts, etc)
Pasted sesame is a whole world. It’s the tahini of Middle-East and the neri goma of Asia. They are similar and they are not… If you paste raw or roasted sesame, if it’s white, yellow or black sesame, if you use a mortar or a mill, you get different flavors and textures. These tahinis are perfect to cream a sauce and replace butter as your fat spread. Sesame powder can also bring the “milk touch” to smoothies and soups.
DIY tahini
creamy sesame sauce for wine mandarin sauce tofu
DIY gomadofu sesame tofu (a creamy custard)
goma dare (Japanese sesame creamy dressing)

And as a butter alternative for baking :
tahini Venitian snails (not fully dairy free)
black sesame croissant pastry

Peanuts can also be used to cream sauces, make peanut butter, peanut tofu. Of course, there are possibilities for other types of seeds or nuts, but I don’t get them easily.
creamy peanut sauce on gado gado
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TEXTURES :
Millet : The upper photo shows a runny cheez sauce, nice for gratins and casseroles.

millet cheez on canneloni
millet cheez in tarragon gratin
millet cheez in moussaka

Mayonnaise
That sounds weird. Let’s be frank, if I were you reading this, I’d say “that’s gross…”. But I was given to eat mayonnaise pizza without knowing what it was, and it tasted good. It’s really much less heavy than what you expect. Even if the mayo is fat, you don’t put so much so the result is lighter than a classic cheeese pizza. So you can make your melted toasts with mayonnaise. Well I’ve tried with classic egg yolk mayo, but I think it would work with mayonnaise without egg, since the main ingredient is the oil.
Japanese pizza
Nattolita
Brown rice natto pizza

Others :
Some veggies have a sluggish texture (moloheya, nagaimo yam, etc…) and the most known is okra (gumbo) :
okra and coconut chizz chilled sauce
To make white sauces, corn starch, rice flours, powdered oatmeal are white and creamy.
Starch replaces the cream in ice-cream. Turkish ice-cream is based on arabic gum, and I’ve used kudzu to get a similar result.
Banana can give the creamy texture in ice-creams and smoothies.
Natural yummy banana pudding

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CHEEZESQUE FLAVORS :


Nutritional yeast is well know. I don’t think it’s a wonder on its own. I add a little amount to many savory cheez dishes, but I find it brings a weird taste to sweet dishes or in big amounts. I also adds salt, paprika, wheat germ, other spices.

The Japanese trinity :
Natto
Sake-kasu
Miso

Sake kasu is sake lees, a white paste of very fermented rice. The closest I know is goat cheese. Like natto, it’s not salted. It can be used to make a milky soup, and a milky drink. It can be grilled, and you get like a goat cheese melted toast.
Miso, the different types have that fermented flavor, but are extremely salty, so use by touch like very salty aged Holland or Parmesan cheese.

miso + sake kasu toast
miso + sake kasu dip
miso marinated tofu (bought version)
pide, Turkish pizza with grilled sake kasu

NATTO :

Fermented soy beans. It is like a strong French cheese already. It has the smell, the strong flavors, the slugglish factor… It’s a cheese, it’s the vegan cheese. Not some recreation. The only thing is it’s not salted.
Munsterious natto (the stinkiest)
black natto

Whole hemp seed pain brioché

Not just bread. That’s like cake. Pain brioché.
There are no eggs and no butter in it, but you’d swear the contrary. It’s a variation of :

Sprouted hemp seed bread (click here for recipe)

I have added kurozato (black sugar) and blueberries into the dough after first rise.

Then second rise in the molds, more kurozato on top.

Mmmm… caramelised top.

Melty blueberries. It’s delicious served hot, with coffee. Next time, I’ll made it muffin shaped.

Sprouted hemp seed bread, improved version

That’s a HUGE HUGE progress from my hemp seed soda bread, version beta (click here) :

The color is very different but it’s made with roughly the same ingredients. I eyeballed the flour, but I’ve used 1 cup of raw hemp seeds and in both cases mixed with about 3 cups of flour (AP, I make my mix).

The issue was the bits of bran still hard under the teeth. I had soaked the seeds only one day.

I have soaked the seeds much longer. 3 days. And I obtained germinated hemp seeds. 

Juiced.

Mixed in yeasted bread dough. Added flour to get a soft paste. I kneed it with a wooden spoon.

Low tide.

High tide.

In that kind of experiment, you never know what the bread will look like. The dough had already more than doubled of volume when I put them in the oven. But they might have expanded more.

Eh no, flat surface bread. But mmm… will do it again. Let’s soak the bird food.

Tutti veggy hemp milk quiche-pastilla, an easy recipe

That’s very simple. That takes 3 minutes to prepare.

And you get this nutty quiche style dairy free tarte. Pastilla ? Because the crust is made by piling oiled “brik” wheat sheets, like for the pastilla pie.

It’s delicious hot or cold. Ideal for this season.

Wheat roll Spring skins + veggies + hemp milk and egg mix.
I made the hemp milk from whole seeds, that gave it the color. It had a creamy texture.

I just added origan, olive oil and paprika.

Baked !

The veggies (bell peppers, mushrooms, young onions…) appear as you crunch in it. They are deliciously baked.

Hemp seed soda bread. When whole food is too whole…

UPDATE : That recipe was a kind of fail, but you may still want to read why. Then see the successful version in this post.

New version !

(en of update).
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Hemp seeds, that sounded so cool… I’m a fashion victim. I was seeing the raw hemp seed on all the blogs of the world. So rich in proteins, nutrients, good fat, fiber. I had to try. I went to buy some.

That’s from the bird food corner. That’s bird food here. Because that’s bird food. The problem is I’m not a bird.

Problems :

1. bloggers don’t use those hemp seeds. Most used a processed protein powder. The courageous ones seem to buy shelled hemp seed. That’s different. I don’t see how to take away the shell.
2. the grain is hard and the shell or bran is hard and cutting. You’d say a layer of metal with concrete inside. Even if you soaked it.
3. soaking 1, grinding, soak 2 more days, regrinding, all that with lemon juice is not enough to make the shell softer.

Conclusion :

1. the hemp fad is a big joke unless you buy the processed products. I won’t because a lot of the interest is lost and anyway the prices of that type of imported hyped health food is prohibitive.
2. if it’s whole, hemp seed has to be milled + soaked in acid + milled + mixed with softer food + cooked long enough to be edible.
3. milk can be made and cooked.

So, I add my paste not edible after 3 days. I’ve added ground sesame (30% of weight of hemp), and flour (same amount as total of seeds). And I’ve made a soda bread :

The bread looks like that. And the appearance is not bad at all. It’s not uniform as the mix was falling toward the bottom.
BUT.

And I loved the taste, deliciously nutty. BUT.
I’m still not convinced that’s fully edible. The black bits still feel hard on the tongue. They are not digestible. A slice once in while won’t do me bad, I think, so I’ve frozen the rest. But I’m not really satisfied.

Does anyone cook (or prepare) whole hemp seeds ?