Tofu : tout !

Reblog from the “tofu page”

It’s compilation on the tofu topic…I add data regularly.

3 main tofu textures :

You have Japanese tofu that is :
kinu-dofu, silky tofu
momen-dofu, cotton tofu (translated as *firm tofu* in English)
Both are soft and watery. The first is very soft like egg pudding, the second is soft like starch pudding.
Really firm and dry tofu, the one that has a texture closer to meat is popular in China. It’s uncommon in Japan, except ….

Bottom line : If you like firm tofu…

Read more (click here)

A wind of Burma (via gourmande in Osaka

Last year, Shan Burmese cuisine…

Click here to read more.

Appetizers of tea leaves, then fried Shan tofu. That’s a nice week-end meal…

Click here to read more.

Tofu and faux tofu

It’s compilation on the tofu topic…

Tofu is soy milk curded with nigari. But some other products not based on soy milk are called tofu because of their texture and appearance.
Tofu ? dofu ? toufu ? doufu ? The only proper spelling is 豆腐. It’s a matter of transcription. The “t” tends to become a “d” in second part of words in Japanese. And in Chinese it’s written “d” and you read “t”. And the “o” is long.

Choosing tofu :

There are huge differences of quality. It can be delicious or absolutely terrible. I wouldn’t want to eat again in this life time all the weirdly packaged tofus I have eaten in Europe and North-America. Maybe I had bad luck. Also in the US, the soy is GMO.

The second thing is you have to buy the right type.
Most Westerners don’t really understand the different types, and I’ve been there too. So maybe this can help. It’s a simplification, but start here :

3 main tofu textures :

You have Japanese tofu that is :
kinu-dofu, silky tofu
momen-dofu, cotton tofu (translated as *firm tofu* in English)
Both are soft and watery. The first is very soft like egg pudding, the second is soft like starch pudding.
Really firm and dry tofu, the one that has a texture closer to meat is popular in China. It’s uncommon in Japan, except in Okinawa, were Japanese and Chinese traditions cross their path. So here it is called 島豆腐 shima tofu, “island tofu“, and in Osaka, I have to buy in “ethnic stores”.
The 3 are made with different recipes.

Bottom line : If you like soft tofu, buy it from a Japanese maker (well, a maker making ingredients for Japanese cuisine as of course it’s not a question of nationality). If you like firm tofu, buy it from a Chinese or an Okinawan maker. Other Asian countries tend to make the firm varieties traditionally.

Gourmande’s home-made tofu :

Basic recipe :
ultra fresh torori tofu (from soy milk and nigari)

zaru-dofu (basket tofu)

Island tofu (very firm tofu)

************
Gourmande’s home-made faux tofu

tamago dofu (egg tofu)

home-made sesame tofu (gomadofu)

yellow tofu or Shan tofu (from chick pea)

edamame tofu (from green soy beans)

Tofu bought in Osaka :

It’s a small sample. I can find many sorts. There are 3 tofu makers just in my street…

kinu-dofu (silky tofu)

momen-dofu (cotton tofu)

Okinawan tofu (super hard)

Yuzu tofu (citrus flavor)

koya-dofu (freeze dry tofu)

fresh yuba (sheets of tofu)

abura-age (usu-age type, fried sheets of tofu)

goma dofu (sesame flavored soy milk tofu)

goma dofu (sesame tofu, not a real tofu)

**************************************
RECIPES WITH TOFU
**************************************

dengaku (tofu skewers)

yudofu (Kyoto boiled tofu, hot pot)

mabo dofu (Sichuan style, several recipes)

age-dofu (fried tofu)

inari sushi (in abura age pockets)

champuru (Okinawan tofu with scramble egg)

chigae (Korean spicy tofu soup)

tofu steaks

u no hana (tofu fibers in tabouleh)

Tofu can also be an ingredient for desserts.

Dry yellow tofu. Chick pea bread.

Do you remember the Burmese / Shan yellow tofu I made a while ago ?
Making Shan Tofu with modern kitchen equipment
I had some (uncooked) paste left and frozen. When I defrost, the bag leaked so I got dryer grounds. I cooked in micro-wave (added salt and nutmeg) and obtained that sort of “cake”.
I liked the “wet simmered” one a lot, but this one is sooo great ! I have eaten up 2 servings.

Plus shiitake mushrooms, chili peppers and shishito peppers, tomato sauce (with garlic, olive oil and fresh thyme).

(with 2 eggs and 2 servings of yellow tofu)
Cal 656.5 F21.3g C95.3g P40.2g

And you feel “filled” for a while.

Classic yellow tofu :

Shan tofu with ra-yu sauce

Fried Yellow Tofu (Burma dinner)

A wind of Burma

Appetizers of tea leaves, then fried Shan tofu. That’s a nice week-end meal. Don’t look for authenticity, I have no idea, no recipe and no access the ingredients from there. It’s surely very different.

It’s inspired by the tea leave pickle dish, lahpet. I used dried green tea leaves, infused in not too hot water, squeezed. And as the caffeine content is high, I have mixed with some sort of spinach. The leaves are simply cut, stir-fried with garlic, ginger and nuoc nam (fish sauce).
I was surprise that the leaves were spicy, even though I didn’t add any hot pepper. That taste is strong, so it’s very pleasant in small amounts or as a rice topping.

Toppings… what I had in the closet. Peanuts, goji berries, sesame seeds, coconut shreds, kimchi, dried fish, garlic chips (that I fried).

Fried Shan tofu. That’s really yummy.


Making Shan Tofu with modern kitchen equipment

Shan tofu with ra-yu sauce

I didn’t want any oily sauce. So I made 2 salsas, very simply.
Red and hot : tomato, fresh red chili.
Green and cool : bell pepper, lemon, ginger.

With 1 serving of rice
Cal : 609 F18.9g C97.9g P32.4g

Yell’Autumn 5 : Shan tofu with ra-yu

I made that Shan tofu :


Making Shan Tofu with modern kitchen equipment

I don’t know how they serve it in Myanmar, or other places where they make it. I didn’t want to fry it for the first try.
So I made a “ra-yu”, Chinese style spicy oil.

Sesame, dry flakes of garlic, hot chili pepper, natural sea salt (still humid), Sichuan pepper. Roast each carefully. Be careful, they need different time. Crush the big chunks, or not.

Mix in fragrant sesame oil and neutral white sesame oil. A little paprika powder for the color (that’s already very hot).

It’s great with all kind of dishes. Tonight :

Cal :188 F6.1g C29.9g P12g